Technical papers, report and  other resources.

The focus of this paper is to establish whether these frameworks are in accordance with international and regional frameworks on climate change in addressing gender-specific impacts of climate change in the areas of climate-smart agriculture, food security, water, health, human rights and security. This paper, therefore, reviews climate change related policies and strategies in East Africa through a gendered lens. The countries whose legislative and policy frameworks are in focus include: Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and Ethiopia. The study assesses how these countries have integrated gender in their climate change legislation, policies and strategies to support the vulnerable while addressing climate change. Findings show that all four countries include gender terms within their various policies, programs and plans. All the documents reviewed indicted that they were drafted after a gender analysis on climate risks, impacts and vulnerability. Furthermore, all the documents identified gender, vulnerable groups and youth as the target groups most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and mentioned the inclusion of gender responsive monitoring and evaluation systems. The documents also included gender mainstreaming and supported the enhancement of education, training and capacity building for women. Despite this, none of 4 the documents mention direct benefits to women and youth or budget allocations for gender specific actions. In all the policies and plans, women are identified in particular instances as being greatly involved in agriculture and food production and at the forefront of innovations and projects addressing climate change. Most of the frameworks generalised the issue of training and institutional strengthening. There is generally no capacity within existing government departments to consider gender in climate response activities. It is thus pertinent that the frameworks consider building the capacity of gender focal points in all relevant institutions to incorporate gender issues in all climate change responses. This is to ensure that institutions not only deal exclusively with gender are women and children, but that this role will also be considered in every other department.

Authors: Ruth Aura, Mary Nyasimi, Laura Cramer and Philip Thornton

Source: CCAFS

Aura R, Nyasimi M, Cramer L, Thornton P. 2017.Gender review of climate change legislative and policy frameworks and strategies in East Africa. CCAFS Working Paper no. 209. Wageningen, the Netherlands: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).

Reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agriculture is needed to meet global climate policy targets. A number of low-emission development (LED) options exist in agriculture, which globally emits 10–12% of GHG emissions. In paddy rice production, alternative wetting and drying (AWD) can reduce emissions by up to 48%. Co-benefits of AWD include lower water consumption, lower use of fertilizer and seeds, and higher resistance to some pests and diseases. These are expected to result in improved benefits for individual farmers while lowering the sector’s overall contribution to GHG emissions. Women are strongly involved in rice production, hence improving their access to AWD technology, participation in decisions about it, and capacity to use it influences AWD adoption and resulting emissions. Involving women in AWD and LED more broadly also can provide distributional and procedural justice gains for women. The authors develop a conceptual model to show how these issues can be integrated. They suggest that intermediary organizations such as farmer associations and women’s organizations are central to enabling women to realize their personal goals while allowing gender to be taken to scale in LED, as is the case for other technology interventions. This requires work to expand their social capacities. A case study developed from work on taking gender-responsive LED to scale in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam, illustrates the model.

Author(s): Farnworth, CathyHà, Trần ThuSander, Bjoern OleWollenberg, EvaHaan, Nicoline deMcGuire, Shawn

Source: CCAFS

Farnworth CR, Hà Trần T, Sander BO, Wollenberg E, de Haan N, McGuire S. 2017. Incorporating gender into low-emission development: a case study from Vietnam. Gender, Technology and Development 21(1-2):5-30.

Mariculture was envisioned to contribute to poverty reduction by increasing employment opportunities and income in the area where it is situated. This paper assesses the participation in mariculture of local men and women in seven mariculture sites in the country, the roles they perform, and their willingness to be involved in mariculture operation. Results show that only 24 % of the 785 households had members with any participation in mariculture since they were established in the area. By site, household participation ranged between 5 % and 44 %. This was translated to only 228 individuals. Although the men dominated mariculture, the women had demonstrated that they can equally contribute to mariculture as an operator, caretaker or feeder. The majority of the study participants expressed they like having mariculture in their municipalities, particularly men from non-fishing households. The willingness to be involved in mariculture was also high, particularly among men from fishing households. The willingness to become a mariculture operator was higher among women than men. The women or local residents, particularly from households who are interested in mariculture, must be given support to start up small-scale mariculture operations towards increasing local employment and reducing poverty in mariculture areas. To increase women participation in mariculture, women stereotypes need to be overcome and also local legislations that will require a certain percentage of all mariculture harvests to be sold directly to local retailers and small processors, mostly dominated by women, are needed.

Authors: Alice Joan G. Ferrer, Hermina A. Francisco, Benedict Mark Carmelita,  Jinky Hopanda and Canesio Predo 

Source: Asian Fisheries Society

Forest and trees play multiple roles in the landscapes and climate context, by serving a climate mitigation function as carbon sinks, through regulating water, sustaining agriculture and providing livelihoods and energy resources for women and men. Sustainable forest management projects with an explicit gender lens can help reduce women’s vulnerability by enhancing their socio-economic empowerment; by reducing informality in the production and marketing of non-timber forest products where women dominate; and by promoting legal reforms in land tenure, and institutional development through enhanced training and leadership development for women.

The note "Gender and Sustainable Forest Management: Entry Points for Design and Implementation" focuses on women’s livelihoods and employment in the forest sector, highlighting key issues of access to and ownership of forest resources and land, and practical guidelines, including a checklist and indicators, to mainstream gender in the sustainable forest management project cycle. The note presents an overview of the challenges women face in accessing forest resources and the impact on livelihoods and employment opportunities, and highlights a range of entry points for women’s socio-economic empowerment in the sector, including access to technology and extension support; participation at different levels of the value chain and in forest management committees.

Authors: Amanda Beaujon Marin, Anne T. Kuriakose
Source: Climate Investment Funds (CIF)

This brief provides a framework and set of recommendations for enhancing gender equality and women’s rights in and through Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) initiatives. It presents key considerations for gender-responsive FLR, drawing on lessons from the wider gender and natural resource management literature, ongoing and past restoration, and relevant initiatives to alter local land uses for global conservation and development goals.

Key messages

  • The essence of gender-responsive Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) is ensuring that women and men at all levels have equal voice and influence in strategic decisions related to FLR, and that this contributes to substantive equality in outcomes for women and men.
  • ‘Free and Prior Informed Consent’, ‘fair’ and ‘just’ compensation, and impartial and effective grievance mechanisms for all those affected are critical to safeguarding the rights of local and indigenous women and men.
  • Decisions about target areas for restoration, choice of stakeholders for FLR governance and how to include them, restoration approaches, priority species and how to monitor progress should be made following gender-inclusive participatory processes to capitalize on the knowledge and experiences of both women and men.
  • Mechanisms and measures at various scales are required to equitably distribute benefits and costs associated with restoration for both women and men in participating communities.

Authors: Bimbika Sijapati Basnett, Marlène Elias, Markus Ihalainen and Ana Maria Paez Valencia

Source: Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)

This is a joint statement of GenderCC´s & LIFE´s on the outcomes of COP23. They actively participated through formal interventions in the plenaries, meetings with national delegations, policy recommendations and public activities. They express their concernes about the absence of human rights and gender equality in the negotiations on these implementation guidelines. They do appreciate the Gender Action Plans acknowledging the importance of women participation but they would like to see more advancement of and capacity-building on tools such as Gender Impact Assessments that are crucial for the development of gender-responsive climate adaptation and mitigation policies and monitoring and reporting on the activities. 

Source:GenderCC & LIFE

This brief publication is an effort to both elevate and celebrate the role women are playing to meet the 2030 deadline and to make the case for more women leaders to step forward and lead for the future we want. While we have made significant progress in the participation of women in leadership roles in many parts of the world, there is much-unfinished business. The purpose of this paper is not to focus on how to achieve gender equality but to encourage and empower women to lead for the Global Goals. This in turn, we believe, will help to create a virtuous circle that will also address gender gaps at work, at home and in broader society.

Behind Every Global Goal provides some simple facts on the impact of gender-balanced teams and the impact of women in leadership as it relates to the sustainable leadership competencies we find necessary to achieve the Global Goals. We also showcase seven compelling examples of women who are leading their organizations (across different sectors) to release the value of driving business results and positive impact in line with the Global Goals.

Source: Business and Sustainable Development Commission


This report focuses on 45 countries where there are significant challenges in providing sustainable energy services to all, including access to electricity, clean cooking, renewable energy, and energy efficiency. This report highlights 10 promising projects are examples of success; but to go beyond incremental improvement to wide-scale success, far bigger shifts are needed towards approaches that integrate gender equality, social inclusion, and women’s empowerment. The objective of this mapping report is to help identify opportunities to build on successes and form new partnerships for action—providing a push in the right direction. 

Source: Sustainable Energy for All (SEforALL).

This IFAD policy brief emphasizes that food security and nutrition for all can only be accomplished under conditions of sustainable progress in ensuring the elimination of all forms of gender discrimination and full participation of rural women in all spheres of society – economic, social and political. The approaches to empowerment need to be society-wide and transformative, addressing the root causes of gender inequalities, such as gender biased norms and attitudes, institutional and governance structures, and discriminatory practices against women. Transformative gender impact requires working at all levels and ensuring women’s participation at all decision-making levels – from the household, to community-based organizations, producer organizations, and policy processes from the local to the highest levels of government.

Source: IFAD

Any intervention in a village requires strong community support. This cannot be trained or tick marked, as it is not easily measurable. Underlying every community and household is constant change. Male out-migration changes women’s work load, their mobility and need to speak up for their family. However, their agency might be restricted by gendered norms. Social change, the change of norms, rules, and relations, is a long-term process. “Gender” cannot be trained as information or knowledge, as this would be prescriptive and counterproductive. Instead, this manual’s intention is meant to guide staff working in communities on starting an open dialogue with participants on their gender perceptions through pictures and group discussions. How can farmers work effectively in groups, both men and women being sensitive towards gendered restrictions? This training manual sensitizes both farmers and field staff for gender roles and relations, and helps inform, monitor and modify project interventions. Furthermore, methods can be used by researchers for a gender analysis. Most of all, farmers and staff can reflect around their capabilities, value systems and existing practices to make suitable contributions and become effective partners in intervention processes.

Authors: Stephanie Leder, Dipika Das, Andrew Reckers, and Emma Karki

Source: CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE)