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This document, Towards Gender-Equitable Small-Scale Fisheries – A handbook In support of the implementation of the voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication (henceforth the “handbook”), was developed to support gender-equitable small-scale fisheries by enhancing the understanding of their gender dimensions, with a focus on the specific role and conditions of women in the small-scale fisheries sector. The handbook is organized into three parts: ›› PART 1 briefly explains the concepts of gender and gender...
This report highlights that with a “gender lens” approach to energy access programs, the millions of dollars flowing to energy access initiatives around the globe can have a greater impact on women’s empowerment.The purpose of this report is to reach a common understanding of this linkage and to establish a framework that takes this into account. With such a framework, the millions of dollars owing to energy access initiatives around the globe can have a greater impact on the women and communities they are intended to serve. To investigate this gender-energy nexus, the authors analyzed a...
Manipadma Jena highlights in this article that women's secure tenure rights lead to several positive development outcomes for them and their families, including resilience to climate change shocks, economic productivity, food security, health, and education. She highlights that climate change is ushering in new population dynamics. As men’s outmigrationcfrom indigenous and local communities continue to rise due to  fall  in land productivity, population growth and increasing outside opportunities for  wage labor, more women are left behind as de facto land managers, assuming even greater...
This Briefing Paper explores the key human rights and environmental and social principles set forth in the preamble of the Paris Agreement, including the linkages to existing international obligations, and how these principles can be integrated into four key elements of the Paris Rule Book: Nationally Determined Contributions, Adaptation Communications, the Transparency Framework, and the Global Stocktake (without precluding the relevance of other aspects of the work of the APA or work under other bodies in the UNFCCC). The first section of this briefing provides information on the key...
This is the second report of the UNHigh-Level Panel on Women’s Economic Empowerment and stresses that building women’s economic empowerment must be done in ways that leaves nobody behind, particularly the most marginalized women at the bottom of the pyramid. The Panel lays out concrete actions for accelerating progress towards women’s full and equal economic participation. Some of these measures include: actions to eliminate violence against women (at home and in the workplace), sharing the burden of unpaid care work, ensuring women’s access to financial services and new technology,...
Oxfam asserts that effective economic empowerment for women occurs when women enjoy their rights to control and benefit from resources, assets, income and their own time, and when they have the ability to manage risk and improve their economic status and wellbeing. However, for Women’s Economic Empowerment (WEE) to translate into meaningful empowerment, women must also have the autonomy and self-belief to make changes in their own lives, including having the agency and power to organize and influence decision making, while enjoying equal rights to men. This framework is intended to assist the...
This Oxfam's Women’s Empowerment  Index supports efforts to rigorously assess, demonstrate and learn about the impact of development interventions that are working towards women’s empowerment. The Index was designed to establish causality when integrated within impact evaluation designs, while also providing a numerical value for empowerment that could be generalized to the entire population under analysis. Recognizing that empowerment is a multi-dimensional concept, the measurement tool also needed to combine information from a variety of indicators into one composite index. This index...
This UNwomen publication aims to build knowledge on women’s representation in national delegations to meetings of the United Nations and of other international organizations’ governing bodies and their leadership roles in these meetings. It is based in part on responses to a questionnaire sent in October 2016 to members of the United Nations Governing Bodies Secretariat and of the International Gender Champions–Geneva to assess women’s participation in different intergovernmental processes. The survey sought input on the various policies and strategies that agencies use to track and improve...
This UNDP policy brief argues that the agency of rural female farmers is essential for enhancing agricultural productivity and realizing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including ensuring food security (SDG 2) and addressing the perils of climate change (SDG 13). Despite significant strides in addressing gender inequalities over the years, rural women are still among the most marginalized groups in society and are particularly vulnerable to current and future climate change and food insecurity. Given these close relationships, the response to climate change vis-à-vis the...
The paper seeks to examine the relationship between unpaid care work and paid work that women in low-income households in Nepal perform, and whether and if so how they are able to maintain a balance between the two. It also examines the causes and consequences of the double burden on the physical and emotional well-being of women and their children. Further, the paper aims to create knowledge about how different stakeholders such as family, community, employers and state can contribute to women’s economic empowerment such that their economic empowerment is optimised (women’s entry into paid...

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