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Land statistics disaggregated by sex are useful for showcasing the disparities in land rights between women and men. They also provide a sense of women’s economic empowerment in agriculture. Unfortunately, land statistics are not always used properly. This infographic tries to understand and interpret better the different land statistics available in FAO’s Gender and Land Rights Database (GLRD).
This working paper synthesizes knowledge within CGIAR on adaptation measures in agricultural systems, for the benefit of parties and observers preparing submissions to the UNFCCC SBSTA. Experience from CGIAR and partners indicate that adaptation measures covering policy, technological, financial, institutional, and research interventions are being tested and applied in agricultural systems in low-income and middle-income countries.  Lessons include the need to ensure context-specificity when designing adaptation measures, engaging farmers in decision-making, and combining indigenous and...
The initial purpose of this assessment was to identify good practices, lessons learned and key entry points for increasing women‘s participation in and benefit from REDD+ activities, as well as opportunities to advance gender equality through this sector. This study aimed to provide recommendations on how future REDD+ initiatives in Asia, including USAID/RDMA‘s (Regional Development Mission for Asia) new Sustainable Landscapes program, can successfully integrate gender into REDD+ projects to ensure the effectiveness and sustainability of USAID‘s REDD+ work and that USAID assistance makes the...
The Women and Gender Constituency published the ‘Gender-Just Solutions’ publication, highlighting over 30 technical, non-technical and transformative solutions for climate action. The Gender Just Climate Solutions shown in this publication are aimed at making gender responsive and equitable solutions visible and central to just climate action.  Gender Just Climate Solutions Award is an initiative of the UNFCCC to make gender responsive and equitable solutions visible at the COP21 in Paris and central to just climate action! The award is meant to recognize commendable work on women and gender...
This toolkit is an initiative of the UNDP Gender Team and the UNDP–UNEP Global Support Programme. It is designed to strengthen the capacity of national government staff and assist them in integrating gender equality into the development of National Communications (NCs). It is recognized that NC reporting processes can be a meaningful entry point for training, awareness-raising and capacity-building eff orts. Preparation of reports can also infl uence other, ongoing climate change planning and policymaking processes. As such, the toolkit can support Biennial Update Reports and planning...
This paper introduces a model of gender inequality and economic growth that focuses on the determination of women’s time allocation among market production, home production, child rearing, and child education. The theoretical model is based on Agénor (2012), but differs in several important dimensions. The model is calibrated using microlevel data of Asian economies, and numerous policy experiments are conducted to investigate how various aspects of gender inequality are related to the growth performance of the economy. The analysis shows that improving gender equality can contribute...
This working paper aims to help companies build effective strategies in women's economic empowerment by applying a holistic and integrated approach: "Holistic" in considering the broader conditions necessary for women's advancement and "integrated" in leveraging the full set of business assets a company can deploy. This apprach builds on growing body of evidence demostrating the importance of addressing systemic and structural barriers to gender equality for women to achieve their full economic potential.  This report draws on insights gathered form interviews with 10 multinational companies...
While there is mounting evidence on the link between promoting women’s equality and economic empowerment and other development outcomes, such as sustainable agricultural and economic growth, gender issues are being inadequately reflected in agricultural policy strategies and programs. At the same time, a changing climate means that there is a shrinking window of opportunity for action, and it is imperative that climate-smart approaches to agriculture help close the gender gap and promote women’s empowerment, economic development, and societal resilience to shocks.  Recognizing the need for...
This is the report of the Expert Group Meeting (EGM) organized by UN Women, the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat (UN DESA), and the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC secretariat) from 14 – 16 October 2015, in Bonn, Germany. The EGM brought together representatives from existing climate finance and climate technology institutions, gender equality and climate change experts and specialists from a variety of countries, disciplines and organizations, as well as representatives of the organizing entities. The...
Abstract: While adaptation has received a fair amount of attention in the climate change debate, barriers to adaptation are the focus of a more specific, recent discussion. In this discussion, such barriers are generally treated as having a uniform, negative impact on all actors. However, we argue that the precise nature and impact of such barriers on different actors has so far been largely overlooked. Our study of two drought-prone communities in rural Ethiopia sets out to examine how female- and male-headed households adapt to climate change, particularly focusing on how a variety of...

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